Amilcar Cabral was a revolutionary leader and Pan-Africanist, whose organizational acumen in the 1960s and 1970s helped break Portugal's colonial grip on Cape Verde and Guinea-Bissau. The two nations, became independent in 1975 after a decade of war on imperialism and colonial expoitation.

Amilcar Cabral's Wikipage:

Amílcar Lopes Cabral was an Guinea-Bissaunian agronomic engineer, writer and nationalist guerrilla and politician. Also known by his "nom de guerre" Abel Djassi, Cabral led African nationalist and independence movements in Guinea-Bissau and the Cape Verde. He was assassinated in 1973 by Guinea-native agents of the Portuguese colonial authorities.